Home CBSE The Enemy Summary – Class 12 English Important Points

The Enemy Summary – Class 12 English Important Points

The Enemy Summary – Class 12 English Important Points

NCERT Class 12 English Vistas Book Chapter 4 “The Enemy Summary” author name Pearl S. Buck (Pearl Sydenstricker Buck). He was an American writer and novelist, born in June 26, 1892. Through this article describes the enemy summary, theme, word meaning, explanation, message, important short, long, value based questions solution. Mainly CBSE class 12th board exams questions asked in the chapter of the enemy.

The Enemy Summary - Class 12 English Important Points

The Enemy Summary

This lesson “The enemy summary” dates back to World War II. This story is a heart-wrenching depiction of the strife between man’s head and heart. During the war an American prisoner is in a position to kill, an eminent Japanese surgeon and scientist, Is found near Dr Sadao’s house. Dr. Sadao is worried that while being a doctor he used to perform his duty or show patriotism, but he wanted to save the prisoner. It was very difficult for him to decide that he would allow him to rule by playing with heart.


Dr. Sadao was a famous Japanese surgeon and scientist. He lived in a house in Japanese coast, the house was situated on the rocks above a beach thicken by cedar trees. He frequently inspect the South Sea islands with his father. His father was a traditional person. He never joked and suffered a lot for his son but never mentioned. He used to worry a lot about Sadao’s studies, even sending Sadao to America to complete his studies. Sadao’s father incited him to the values ​​of patriotism and national allegiance while he was fresher at the time.

Sadao was not sent with a soldier after World War II began, as he was about to make a search that would completely heal the wounds at once. While doing this Dr Sadao was treating a person against the General.

When Sadao met Hana

When Sadao went to study America according to his father’s wish, he lived in a professor Harley’s house but that night there was no one in the professor’s house. She then met a new student, Hana.

Sadao thinks her meeting Hana was just an accident, but sadao waits for Hana until she realizes she was a Japanese. Because her father never approves of marrying Hana, Sadao and Hana come to Japan after completing their studies and marry in a traditional way according to their father.

It was evening and Sadao and his wife Hana used to sit in their house and enjoy the golden sea shore, after a while, they saw something black. He was a man, when Sadao and his wife look properly.

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A man appeared floating and then the chip was lost. Sadao said that he was going to kill the fish but he could be hurt because the rocks there were very dangerous.

When Sadao said this, the man was injured, Hana realized that he was a white man, fellow young and unconscious. The man was soaked in blood, Sadao saw him shot, the man was groaning in pain. Sadao wanted to end that man and throw him in the sea. When Sadao knew that he was an American prisoner, so Sadao Thora was impressed.

Hana wanted to give asylum to the man, but Sadao thought he would face trouble if he gave him refuge. Sadao was stuck between his duties under being a doctor. After some time both Sadao and Hana decide that the injured man will be taken home because if he was not treated at that time, he would have lost his life.

Sadao thought of telling the whole thing to his servant but he did not tell him not to tell the whole thing to Pulish. The injured man had not eaten for a long time. Sadao took the injured man to his father’s bedroom, but his father never let a foreign man or similar come into his room.

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The injured man was very dirty, much needed to be washed, Hana asked her servant Yumi to clean her but she was frightened and advised to hand over the injured man to the police. When Yumi confesses to washing the injured person, Hana cleans her herself.

Dr Sadao was ready to conduct the injured man, Sadao told Hana that the man needed to be given anesthetic. Hana never saw anyone’s operation, she started getting nervous, due to which she vomited. Sadao was irritable and impatient with his enemy because at that time he could not help Hana in distress. The man was moaning in pain and dripping water drops from his eyes.

Hana helped her husband greatly in the operation. Hana saw deep wounds on the person’s neck. She thought that the stories of war she had heard till date were true or false, she remembered that General Takima was a ruthless man who did not spare even his wife.

The Enemy Summary - Class 12 English Important Points

Interestingly enough, Hana was able to assist her husband in the operation. Hana saw dark red marks on her enemy’s neck. She wonders if she had heard the torture stories of the war. He remembered that General Takima was a ruthless man who did not spare even his wife. Sadao also described the enemy as his friend and he managed to carry out the operation, eventually he was successful in firing the bullet.

Hana took good care of him because his servant refused him that he would not wash the injured man. When Hana spoke to the man in English, he asked his name and he told his name Tom that he was American. Hana also lived in America for a long time. Dr Sadao was worried about whether or not to inform Poulish.

The servant said that if his enemies would stay in his house, he would leave the house and leave, the servant thought that the Americans liked him and on the seventh day the servant left the house. Sadao tried to explain clearly that all Americans were his enemies.

A messenger in a government uniform arrived at his house the same day. Hana was so scared he was unable to speak anything. He thought that the uniformed sadao had come to arrest him. But the messenger had come to tell Sadao that the General needed him, then Hana breathed peace. Sadao saw Hana in tension, so sadao decided to get rid of the man.

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Sadao told the whole thing to the General, the General knew that Sadao was unavoidable for him. He never relied on any Japanese doctor till date. He promised Sadao that he was safe and nothing would go wrong with them. The General would then send his killer to kill and remove his body from there.

He told Sadao that when the blond person sleeps then leave the outside part of his room open. After that meeting, Sadao spent three restless days waiting for the killers. But they did not come. In the end he planned from Fir that he endured a lot but the enemy had not yet come, he decided to get rid of the enemy himself.

Sadao Helps the Enemy

Tom is now fully recovered and is now in dire need of escape because the news of his presence had spread all around. Sadao arranged for her to leave. She gave food, drinking water, a boat and her flashlight for the dark.

If he needed to eat tom’s food or something, Sadao told him to burn the torch twice and that his escape program was night so that no one could see him. Hana did not even know about this whole plan.

After a few days, Sadao realized that the whole thing can now be talked to the General. Dr Sadao told him that the prisoner had escaped. Sadao told the truth to the General, then he accepted the truth. He was suffering a lot, but the General told Sadao that he should not give information about this to anyone.

That night, Sadao waited for a long time to burn the torch on the seashore but when no light was burning, sadao understood that he had reached his country safely. Sadao remembered the moments he had spent in America after coming home and wondered why he could not kill his enemy.

The Enemy Summary Class 12 Word Meanings

The Enemy Summary - Class 12 English Important Points

The given some difficult word meanings of the NCERT textbook of class 12 English.

  • Outlined – draw, trace, or define the outer edge or shape of (something)
  • Yonder – at some distance in the direction indicated; over there.
  • Render – giver, donor, render
  • Creeping – move forward on the hands
  • Kimono – originally worn as a formal garment in Japan
  • Breaker – a heavy sea wave that breaks into white foam on the shore or a shoal
  • Spiked – peaked
  • Tended – bend, slouch and crouch
  • Screened – save, protect, rescue, defend, succour
  • Stanch – stop, stanch or restrict
  • Strewed – strew, intersperse, disperse, and dissec
  • Stupor – persistence, stupor, stupefaction, insensibility
  • Repulsion – a feeling of intense distastes or repel
  • Inert – inactive, passive, idle, dormant, inert
  • Battered – kill, hit, pummel, strike, bludgeon, smite
  • Whole – all of; entire, full, Entire
  • Matted – tangled into a thick mass
  • Pallor – tarnish, dimness, placidness
  • Vitality – life, soul, vitality, spirit, vital breath
  • Menace – hazard, Danger, menace
  • Nursery –special house for young children
  • Rugs – a floor covering of thick woven material or animal skin
  • Blond – handsome, lovely, pretty, charming, Fancy
  • Saturate – wet, moist, damp, humid, sopping
  • Flickers – vary rapidly in brightness
  • Liberation – discharge, liberation, emancipation, release, deliverance
  • Probed – physically explore or examine with the hands or an instrument

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  • Anatomy – the branch of science concerned with the bodily structure of humans
  • Cardinal – a leading dignitary of the Roman Catholic Church
  • Incisions – a surgical cut made in skin or flesh
  • Guts – the stomach or belly
  • Hypodermic – relating to the region immediately beneath the skin.
  • Dragged on – scribble, drag, shrug, draw, and draw up, and move up
  • Courtesy – the showing of politeness in one’s attitude and behaviour toward others
  • Marred – depolarize, mess, dissipate, ruin, circumvent
  • Pinching – move one’s finger and thumb apart
  • Condemned – sentenced to a particular punishment
  •  Traitor – disloyal, quisling, fifth columnist, parricide
  • Dripping – fat that has melted and dripped from roasting meat
  • Eaves – the part of a roof that meets or overhangs the walls of a building
  • Fortifying – fasten, solidify, strengthen, shore, invigorate, steel
  • Submerged – cause to be under water
  • Stout – Daring, spirited, stout-hearted, gallant, go ahead
  • Pawnshop – especially one where unredeemed items are sold to the public
  • Flashlight – a flashing light used for signals and in lighthouses
  • Faintly – indistinctly
  • Signifying – be an indication of
  • Dereliction – the state of having been abandoned and become dilapidated, reject
  • Insistent – demanding something
  • Slatternly – dirty and untidy
  • Repulsive – arousing intense distaste or disgust
  • Haggard – especially from fatigue, worry


Through this chapter the enemy, it appears that Dr Sadao who was a surgeon and famous scientist. He lived in a sea area. As he and his wife Hana were sitting near the house in the evening, they saw an injured man who was soaked in blood, he was an American man. As a doctor, Sadao was worried that he would treat him at that time or do patriotism, knowing this from the text of the enemy summary.

Regarding to any queries about “the enemy summary” and question answer of class 12th ask by commenting.


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